JEE Main Syllabus 2020

JEE Main Syllabus 2020 has been released by the National Testing Agency of JEE and the syllabus is very important for the students who want to crack the Exam. The authority is conducting JEE Main Syllabus 2020 for three papers that is Paper 1 and it includes Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and Paper 2 and it includes Mathematics, Aptitude, Drawing and Paper 3 includes Mathematics, Aptitude Test and Planning Based Questions. If you want to know anything related to the exam of JEE 2020 then check the official website of JEE Mains.

Candidates who are appearing for the exam are advised to go through the paper wise JEE Main 2020 syllabus for Paper 1, 2 and 3. JEE Main 2020 syllabus candidates can also check subject wise JEE Main important topics and chapters suggested by experts and best books to prepare for JEE Main 2020.

JEE Main 2020 Mathematics Syllabus

The mathematics contains for any question answered incorrectly, one mark will be deducted and the chapters like sequence and series, straight lines, 3D, Determinant, etc. Check out the detailed JEE Main April 2020 Paper 1 syllabus for Mathematics. The candidates can find a detailed topic-wise syllabus. The candidates who want to crack the Exam of IBPS SO can check the syllabus before starting preparation. The topic names are given below in the tabular form:-

Unit 1: Sets, relations and functions

  • Sets and their representation
  • Union, intersection and complement of sets and their algebraic properties
  • Power set
  • Relation
  • Types of relations
  • Equivalence relations, functions
  • One-one, into and onto functions
  • Composition of functions

Unit 2: Complex numbers and quadratic equations

  • Complex numbers as ordered pairs of reals,
  • Representation of complex numbers in the form a+ib and their representation in a plane
  • Argand diagram
  • Algebra of complex numbers
  • Modulus and argument (or amplitude) of a complex number
  • The square root of a complex number
  • Triangle inequality
  • Quadratic equations in real and complex number systems and their solutions
  • The relation between roots and coefficients
  • Nature of roots, the formation of quadratic equations with given roots

Unit 3: Matrices and determinants

  • Matrices
  • Algebra of matrices
  • Types of matrices
  • Determinants
  • Matrices of order two and three
  • Properties of determinants
  • Evaluation of determinants
  • Area of triangles using determinants
  • Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations
  • Test of consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices

Unit 4: Permutations and combinations

  • The fundamental principle of counting
  • A permutation is an arrangement
  • Combination as selection
  • Meaning of P (n,r) and C (n,r)
  • Simple applications

Unit 5: Mathematical induction

  • Principle of Mathematical Induction
  • Its simple applications

Unit 6: Binomial theorem and its simple applications

  • Binomial theorem for a positive integral index
  • General term
  • Middle term
  • Properties of Binomial coefficients
  • Simple applications

Unit 7: Sequences and series

  • Arithmetic
  • Geometric progressions
  • Insertion of arithmetic
  • Geometric means between two given numbers
  • The relation between A.M. and G.M. sum up to n terms of special series
  • S n, S n2, Sn3
  • Arithmetic – Geometric progression

UNIT 8: Limit, continuity and differentiability

  • Real – valued functions
  • Algebra of functions
  • Polynomials
  • Rational
  • Trigonometric
  • Logarithmic
  • Exponential functions
  • Inverse functions
  • Graphs of simple functions
  • Limits, continuity and differentiability
  • Differentiation of the sum, difference, product and quotient of two functions
  • Differentiation of trigonometric
  • Inverse trigonometric
  • Logarithmic
  • Exponential
  • Composite and implicit functions
  • Derivatives of order up to two
  • Rolle’s and Lagrange’s Mean Value Theorems
  • Applications of derivatives
  • Rate of change of quantities, monotonic
  • Increasing and decreasing functions
  • Maxima and minima of functions of one variable,
  • Tangents and normals

Unit 9: Integral calculus

  • Evaluation of simple integrals of the type Integral as limit of a sum
  • Fundamental Theorem of Calculus
  • Properties of definite integrals
  • Evaluation of definite integrals
  • Determining areas of the regions bounded by simple curves in standard form
  • Integral as an anti
  • Derivative.
  • Fundamental integrals involving algebraic
  • Trigonometric
  • Exponential and logarithmic functions
  • Integration by substitution, by parts and by partial fractions
  • Integration using trigonometric identities

Unit 10: Differential equations

  • Ordinary differential equations
  • Their order and degree.
  • Formation of differential equations
  • A solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables
  • Solution of homogeneous and linear differential equations of the type: dy/dx+p(x)y=q(x)

Unit 11: Coordinate geometry

  • Cartesian system of rectangular coordinates 10 in a plane
  • Distance formula
  • Section formula
  • Locus and its equation
  • Translation of axes
  • The slope of a line
  • Parallel and perpendicular lines
  • Intercepts of a line on the coordinate axes

Straight Lines:- Various forms of equations of a line, intersection of lines, angles between two lines, conditions for concurrence of three lines, a distance of a point from a line, equations of internal and external bisectors of angles between two lines, coordinates of the centroid, orthocentre and circumcentre of a triangle, equation of the family of lines passing through the point of intersection of two lines.

Circles, conic sections: Standard form of the equation of a circle, the general form of the equation of a circle, its radius and centre, equation of a circle when the endpoints of a diameter are given, points of intersection of a line and a circle with the centre at the origin and condition for a line to be tangent to a circle, equation of the tangent. Sections of cones, equations of conic sections (parabola, ellipse and hyperbola) in standard forms, condition for y = MX + c to be a tangent and point (s) of tangency.

Unit 12: Three-dimensional geometry

  • Coordinates of a point in space
  • Distance between two points
  • Section formula
  • Direction ratios and direction cosines
  • The angle between two intersecting lines
  • Skew lines
  • The shortest distance between them and its equation.
  • Equations of a line and a plane in different forms
  • The intersection of a line and a plane
  • Coplanar lines

Unit 13: Vector algebra

  • Vectors and scalars
  • Addition of vectors
  • components of a vector in two dimensions
  • Three-dimensional space
  • scalar and vector products
  • Scalar
  • Vector triple product

Unit 14: Statistics and probability

  • Measures of Dispersion
  • Calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped
  • Ungrouped data calculation of the standard deviation
  • Variance and mean deviation for grouped
  • Ungrouped data
  • Probability
  • Probability of an event
  • Addition and multiplication theorems of probability
  • Bayes theorem
  • The probability distribution of a random variate
  • Bernoulli trials
  • Binomial distribution

Unit 15: Trigonometry

  • Trigonometric identities
  • Equations
  • Trigonometric functions
  • Inverse trigonometric functions and their properties
  • Heights and Distances

Unit 16: Mathematical reasoning

  • Statements, logical operations
  • Implies, implied by, if and only if
  • Understanding of tautology
  • Contradiction
  • Converse and contrapositive

JEE Main Topic Wise Weightage for Mathematics

The previous years of JEE Main weightage along with the important topics which are asked in the exam and the details are given below:-

TopicsNo of QuestionsMarksWeightage
Quadratic Equation143.33%
Sequences and  Series286.67%
Trigonometric Equation143.33%
Indefinite Integration143.33%
Definite Integration143.33%
Differential Equation143.33%
Area Under the Curve143.33%
Straight Line286.67%
Permutation and combination143.33%
Complex Number143.33%
Binominal Theorem143.33%
Tangent and Normal143.33%
Maxima and Minima143.33%
Mathematical Reasoning143.33%
Height & Distance143.33%

JEE Main 2020 Physics Syllabus

Physics is one of the major sections of JEE Main syllabus and the students have to answer around 25 questions carrying 4 marks each. The JEE Main syllabus for Physics comprises topics are Kinematics, Optics, Laws Of Motion, Rotational Motion, Gravitation, Properties Of Solids And Liquids etc. In last year, the highest weightage in Physics was given to topics like current electricity, alternating current, Rotational dynamics, Modern Physics etc. The JEE Main Physics syllabus includes two sections A and B. Section A includes the theory part with 80% weightage and section B contains practical components with 20% weightage. Check out the JEE Main Syllabus 2020 Paper 1 for Physics are given below in the listwise:-

Unit 1: Physics And Measurement

  • Physics, technology and society
  • SI units
  • Fundamental and derived units
  • Least count
  • Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments
  • Errors in measurement
  • Dimensions of Physical quantities
  • Dimensional analysis and its applications

Unit 2: Kinematics

  • Frame of reference
  • Motion in a straight line
  • Position-time graph
  • Speed and velocity
  • Uniform and non-uniform motion
  • Average speed and instantaneous velocity
  • Uniformly accelerated motion
  • Velocity-time
  • Position-time graphs
  • Relations for uniformly accelerated motion
  • Scalars and Vectors
  • Vector addition and Subtraction
  • Zero Vector
  • Scalar and Vector products
  • Unit Vector
  • Resolution of a Vector
  • Relative Velocity
  • Motion in a plane
  • Projectile Motion
  • Uniform Circular Motion

Unit 3: Laws Of Motion

  • Force and Inertia
  • Newton’s First Law of motion
  • Momentum
  • Newton’s Second Law of motion
  • Impulse
  • Newton’s Third Law of motion
  • Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications
  • Equilibrium of concurrent forces
  • Static and Kinetic friction
  • Laws of friction
  • Rolling friction
  • Dynamics of uniform circular motion
  • Centripetal force and its applications

Unit 4: Work, Energy And Power

  • Work is done by a constant force and a variable force
  • Kinetic and potential energies
  • Work energy theorem
  • Power.
  • The potential energy of a spring
  • Conservation of mechanical energy
  • Conservative and non-conservative forces
  • Elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions

Unit 5: Rotational Motion

  • Centre of the mass of a two-particle system
  • Centre of the mass of a rigid body
  • Basic concepts of rotational motion
  • Moment of a force
  • Torque
  • Angular momentum
  • Conservation of angular momentum and its applications
  • Moment of inertia
  • Radius of gyration
  • Values of moments of inertia for simple geometrical objects
  • Parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications
  • Rigid body rotation
  • Equations of rotational motion

Unit 6: Gravitation

  • The universal law of gravitation
  • Acceleration due to gravity
  • Its variation with altitude and depth
  • Kepler’s laws of planetary motion
  • Gravitational potential energy
  • Gravitational potential
  • Escape velocity
  • Orbital velocity of a satellite
  • Geo-stationary satellites

Unit 7: Properties Of Solids And Liquids

  • Elastic behaviour
  • Stress-strain relationship
  • Hooke’s Law
  • Young’s modulus
  • Bulk modulus
  • Modulus of rigidity
  • Pressure due to a fluid column
  • Pascal’s law and its applications
  • Viscosity, Stokes’ law
  • Terminal velocity
  • Streamline and turbulent flow
  • Reynolds number
  • Bernoulli’s principle and its applications.
  • Surface energy and surface tension
  • The angle of contact, application of surface tension
  • Drops, bubbles and capillary rise
  • Heat, temperature
  • Thermal expansion
  • Specific heat capacity
  • Calorimetry
  • Change of state, latent heat
  • Heat transfer-conduction
  • Convection and radiation
  • Newton’s law of cooling

Unit 8: Thermodynamics

  • Thermal equilibrium
  • Zeroth law of thermodynamics
  • Concept of temperature
  • Heat, work and internal energy
  • The first law of thermodynamics
  • The second law of thermodynamics
  • Reversible and irreversible processes
  • Carnot engine and its efficiency

Unit 9: Kinetic Theory Of Gases

  • Equation of state of a perfect gas
  • Work was done on compressing a gas
  • Kinetic theory of gases
  • Assumptions and concept of pressure
  • Kinetic energy and temperature
  • RMS speed of gas molecules
  • Degrees of freedom
  • Law of equipartition of energy
  • Applications to specific heat capacities of gases
  • Mean free path
  • Avogadro’s number

Unit 10: Oscillations And Waves

  • Periodic motion
  • Period and frequency
  • Displacement as a function of time
  • Periodic functions
  • Simple harmonic motion (S.H.M.) and its equation
  • Phase
  • Oscillations of a spring -restoring force and force constant
  • The energy in S.H.M. – Kinetic and potential energies
  • Simple pendulum – derivation of expression for its time period
  • Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance
  • Wave motion
  • Longitudinal and transverse waves
  • Speed of a wave
  • Displacement relation for a progressive wave
  • Principle of superposition of waves
  • Reflection of waves
  • Standing waves in strings and organ pipes
  • Fundamental mode and harmonics
  • Beats
  • Doppler effect in sound

Unit 11: Electrostatics

  • Electric charges
  • Conservation of charge
  • Coulomb’s law-forces between two point charges
  • Forces between multiple charges
  • Superposition principle and continuous charge distribution
  • Electric field
  • Electric field due to a point charge
  • Electric field lines
  • Electric dipole
  • Electric field due to a dipole
  • Torque on a dipole in a uniform electric field.
  • Electric flux
  • Gauss’s law and its applications to find fields due to infinitely long uniformly charged straight wire
  • Uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell
  • Electric potential and its calculation for a point charge
  • Electric dipole and system of charges
  • Equipotential surfaces
  • The electrical potential energy of a system of two point charges in an electrostatic field
  • Conductors and insulators
  • Dielectrics and electric polarization
  • Capacitor
  • Combination of capacitors in series and in parallel
  • The capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor with
  • Without a dielectric medium between the plates
  • Energy stored in a capacitor

Unit 12: Current Electricity

  • Electric current, Drift velocity
  • Ohm’s law
  • Electrical resistance
  • Resistances of different materials
  • V-I characteristics of Ohmic and non-ohmic conductors
  • Electrical energy and power
  • Electrical resistivity
  • Colour code for resistors
  • Series and parallel combinations of resistors
  • Temperature dependence of resistance
  • Electric Cell and its Internal resistance
  • Potential difference and emf of a cell
  • Combination of cells in series and in parallel
  • Kirchhoff’s laws and their applications
  • Wheatstone bridge
  • Metre bridge
  • Potentiometer
  • Principle and its applications

Unit 13: Magnetic Effects Of Current And Magnetism

  • Biot – Savart law and its application to current carrying circular loops
  • Ampere’s law and its applications to infinitely long current carrying straight wire and solenoid
  • Force on a moving charge in uniform magnetic and electric fields
  • Cyclotron
  • Force on a current-carrying conductor in a uniform magnetic field
  • The force between two parallel current-carrying conductors
  • Definition of ampere
  • Torque experienced by a current loop in a uniform magnetic field
  • Moving coil galvanometer
  • Its current sensitivity and conversion to ammeter and voltmeter
  • Current loop as a magnetic dipole and its magnetic dipole moment
  • Bar magnet as an equivalent solenoid
  • Magnetic field lines
  • Earth’s magnetic field and magnetic elements
  • Para-, dia- and ferromagnetic substances
  • Magnetic susceptibility and permeability
  • Hysteresis
  • Electromagnets and permanent magnets

Unit 14: Electromagnetic Induction And Alternating Currents

  • Electromagnetic induction
  • Faraday’s law
  • Induced emf and current
  • Lenz’s Law
  • Eddy currents.
  • Self and mutual inductance
  • Alternating currents
  • Peak and RMS value of alternating current/ voltage
  • Reactance and impedance
  • LCR series circuit, resonance
  • The quality factor, power in AC circuits, wattles current.
  • AC generator and transformer

Unit 15: Electromagnetic Waves

  • Electromagnetic waves and their characteristics
  • Transverse nature of electromagnetic waves
  • Electromagnetic spectrum
  • Radio waves
  • Microwaves
  • Infrared
  • Visible
  • Ultraviolet
  • X Rays
  • Gamma rays
  • Applications of e.m. waves

Unit 16: Optics

  • Reflection and refraction of light at plane and spherical surfaces
  • Mirror formula
  • Total internal reflection and its applications
  • Deviation and Dispersion of light by a prism
  • Lens Formula
  • Magnification
  • Power of a Lens
  • Combination of thin lenses in contact
  • Microscope and Astronomical Telescope and their magnifying powers
  • Wave optics
  • Wavefront and Huygens’ principle
  • Laws of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle
  • Interference
  • Young’s double-slit experiment and expression for fringe width
  • Diffraction due to a single slit
  • Width of central maximum
  • Resolving power of microscopes and astronomical telescopes
  • Polarisation, plane-polarized light
  • Brewster’s law uses of plane-polarized light and Polaroids

Unit 17: Dual Nature Of Matter And radiation

  • Dual nature of radiation
  • Photoelectric effect
  • Hertz and Lenard’s observations
  • Einstein’s photoelectric equation
  • Particle nature of light.
  • Matter waves-wave nature of particles
  • De Broglie relation
  • Davisson-Germer experiment

Unit 18: Atoms And Nuclei

  • Alpha-particle scattering experiment
  • Rutherford’s model of the atom
  • Bohr model, energy levels
  • Hydrogen spectrum
  • Composition and size of the nucleus
  • Atomic masses, isotopes, isobars
  • Isotones.
  • Radioactivity-alpha
  • Beta and gamma particles/rays and their properties
  • Radioactive decay law
  • Mass-energy relation, mass defect
  • Binding energy per nucleon and its variation with mass number
  • Nuclear fission and fusion

Unit 19: Electronic Devices

  • Semiconductors
  • Semiconductor diode
  • I-V characteristics in forward and reverse bias
  • Diode as a rectifier
  • I-V characteristics of LED
  • A photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode
  • Zener diode as a voltage regulator
  • Junction transistor
  • Transistor action
  • Characteristics of a transistor
  • Transistor as an amplifier (common emitter configuration) and oscillator
  • Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND and NOR)
  • Transistor as a switch

Unit 20: Communication Systems

  • Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere
  • Sky and space wave propagation
  • Need for modulation
  • Amplitude and Frequency Modulation
  • Bandwidth of signals
  • The bandwidth of Transmission medium
  • Basic Elements of a Communication System

JEE Main Topic Wise Weightage for Physics

The previous years of JEE Main weightage along with the important topics which are asked in the exam and the details are given below:-

TopicsNo of QuestionsMarksWeightage
Current Electricity31210.00%
Magnetic Effect of Current & Magnetism286.67%
Alternating Current286.67%
KTG & Thermodynamics286.67%
Sound Waves143.33%
Work Power Energy143.33%
Laws of motion143.33%
Work,Power and Energy146.67%
Centre Of Mass286.67%
Rotational Dynamics286.67%
Modern Physics286.67%
Wave Optics286.67%
Circular Motion143.33%
Electromagnetic Waves143.33%
Communication System143.33%

JEE Main 2020 Chemistry Syllabus

The subject of chemistry section of JEE Main comprises numerical as well as theoretical questions. The topics that are included are Chemical Bonding in Organic Chemistry, Halogen Derivative in Organic Chemistry and Ionic Equilibrium etc were given the highest weightage. The all chemistry syllabus in JEE Main 2020 Exam is spread over three sections. 

(I) Physical Chemistry

(II) Organic Chemistry

(III) Inorganic Chemistry

Here we can provide the JEE Main 2020 Paper 1 Syllabus for Chemistry below

Section A: Physical Chemistry

Here we can provide the entire syllabus of chemistry related to the exam of JEE Mains and the syllabus is very important for the candidates who want to crack this exam. The candidates must check the syllabus before start preparation of physics and other subjects of related to the subject of the physical chemistry and the brief details are given below:-

Unit 1: Some Basic Concepts In Chemistry

  • Matter and its nature, Dalton’s atomic theory
  • Concept of atom, molecule, element and compound
  • Physical quantities and their measurements in Chemistry, precision and accuracy, significant figures, S.I. Units, dimensional analysis
  • Laws of chemical combination
  • Atomic and molecular masses, mole concept, molar mass, percentage composition, empirical and molecular formulae
  • Chemical equations and stoichiometry

Unit 2: States Of Matter

Classification of matter into solid, liquid and gaseous states

  • Gaseous State
  • Measurable properties of gases
  • Gas laws
  • Boyle’s law
  • Charle’s law
  • Graham’s law of diffusion
  • Avogadro’s law
  • Dalton’s law of partial pressure
  • Concept of Absolute scale of temperature
  • Ideal gas equation
  • Kinetic theory of gases (only postulates)
  • Concept of average
  • Root mean square and most probable velocities
  • Real gases, deviation from Ideal behaviour
  • Compressibility factor and van der Waals equation

Liquid State and Properties of liquids

  • Vapour pressure, viscosity and surface tension and effect of temperature
  • Solid State: Classification of solids
  • Molecular
  • Ionic
  • Covalent and metallic solids
  • Amorphous and crystalline solids
  • Bragg’s Law and its applications
  • Unit cell and lattices
  • Packing in solids and i.e fcc, bcc and hcp lattices
  • Voids, calculations involving unit cell parameters
  • Imperfection in solids
  • Electrical, magnetic
  • Dielectric properties

Unit 3: Atomic Structure

  • Thomson
  • Rutherford atomic models and their limitations
  • Nature of electromagnetic radiation
  • Photoelectric effect
  • Spectrum of hydrogen atom
  • Bohr model of hydrogen atom – its postulates
  • Derivation of the relations for energy of the electron
  • Radii of the different orbits
  • Limitations of Bohr’s model
  • Dual nature of matter
  • De-Broglie’s relationship
  • Heisenberg uncertainty principle
  • Elementary ideas of quantum mechanics
  • Quantum mechanical model of atom
  • Quantum mechanical model important features
  • Concept of atomic orbitals as one electron wave functions
  • Various quantum numbers
  • Quantum numbers principal
  • Angular momentum and magnetic quantum numbers and their significance
  • Shapes of s, p and d
  • Orbitals
  • Electron spin and spin quantum number
  • Rules for filling electrons in orbitals
  • Aufbau principle
  • Pauli’s exclusion principle and Hund’s rule
  • Electronic configuration of elements
  • Extra stability of half-filled
  • Completely filled orbitals

Unit 4: Chemical Bonding And Molecular Structure

  • Kossel
  • Lewis approach to chemical bond formation
  • Concept of ionic and covalent bonds
  • Ionic Bonding
  • Formation of ionic bonds
  • Factors affecting the formation of ionic bonds
  • Calculation of lattice enthalpy
  • Covalent Bonding
  • Concept of electronegativity
  • Fajan’s rule
  • Dipole moment
  • Valence Shell Electron Pair Repulsion (VSEPR) theory
  • Shapes of simple molecules
  • Quantum mechanical approach to covalent bonding
  • Valence bond theory
  • Its important features
  • Concept of hybridization involving s, p and d orbitals
  • Resonance
    Molecular Orbital Theory
  • Its important features
  • LCAOs, types of molecular orbitals
  • Sigma and pi-bonds
  • Molecular orbital electronic configurations of homonuclear diatomic molecules
  • concept of bond order
  • bond length and bond energy

Unit 5: Chemical Thermodynamics

  • Fundamentals of thermodynamics
  • System and surroundings
  • Extensive and intensive properties
  • State functions, types of processes
  • First law of thermodynamics
  • Concept of work
  • Heat internal energy and enthalpy
  • Heat capacity
  • Molar heat capacity
  • Hess’s law of constant heat summation
  • Enthalpies of bond dissociation
  • Combustion
  • Formation
  • Atomization
  • Sublimation
  • Phase transition
  • Hydration
  • Ionization and solution
  • Second law of thermodynamics
  • Spontaneity of processes
  • DS of the universe and DG of the system as criteria for spontaneity
  • Dgo (Standard Gibbs energy change)
  • Equilibrium constant

Unit 6: Solutions

  • Different methods for expressing concentration of solution
  • Molality
  • Molarity
  • Mole fraction
  • Percentage (by volume and mass both)
  • Vapour pressure of solutions and Raoult’s Law
  • Ideal and non-ideal solutions
  • Vapour pressure
  • Composition
  • Plots for ideal and non-ideal solutions
  • Colligative properties of dilute solutions
  • Relative lowering of vapour pressure
  • Depression of freezing point
  • Elevation of boiling point and osmotic pressure
  • Determination of molecular mass using colligative properties
  • Abnormal value of molar mass
  • Van’t Hoff factor and its significance

Unit 7: Equilibrium

Meaning of equilibrium, concept of dynamic equilibrium

  • Equilibria involving physical processes
  • Solid -liquid
  • Liquid – gas
  • Solid – gas equilibria
  • Henry’s law
  • General characteristic of equilibrium involving physical processes
  • Equilibria involving chemical processes
  • Law of chemical equilibrium
  • Equilibrium constants, i.e Kp and Kc and their significance
  • Significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibria
  • Factors affecting equilibrium concentration
  • Pressure
  • Temperature
  • Effect of catalyst
  • Le Chatelier’s principle

Unit 8: Ionic equilibrium

  • Weak and strong electrolytes
  • Ionization of electrolytes
  • Various concepts of acids and bases
  • Arrhenius
  • Bronsted
  • Lowry and Lewis and their ionization
  • Acid-base equilibria
  • Including multi stage ionization and ionization constants
  • Ionization of water
  • pH scale
  • Common ion effect
  • Hydrolysis of salts and pH of their solutions
  • Solubility of sparingly soluble salts and solubility products
  • Buffer solutions

Unit 9: Redox Reactions And Electrochemistry

  • Electrolytic and metallic conduction
  • Conductance in electrolytic solutions
  • Specific and molar conductivities and their variation with concentration
  • Kohlrausch’s law and its applications
  • Electrochemical cells
  • Electrolytic and Galvanic cells
  • Different types of electrodes
  • Electrode potentials including standard electrode potential
  • Half – cell and cell reactions
  • Emf of a Galvanic cell and its measurement
  • Nernst equation and its applications
  • Relationship between cell potential
  • Gibbs’ energy change
  • Dry cell and lead accumulator
  • Fuel cells

Unit 10 : Chemical Kinetics 

  • Rate of a chemical reaction
  • Factors affecting the rate of reactions
  • Concentration
  • Temperature
  • Pressure and catalyst
  • elementary and complex reactions
  • Order and molecularity of reactions
  • Rate law
  • Rate constant and its units
  • Differential and integral forms of zero
  • First-order reactions
  • Characteristics and half-lives
  • Effect of temperature on rate of reactions
  • Arrhenius theory, activation energy and its calculation
  • Collision theory of bimolecular gaseous reactions

Unit 11: Surface Chemistry

  • Adsorption
  • Physisorption and chemisorption and their characteristics
  • Factors affecting adsorption of gases on solids
  • Freundlich
  • Langmuir adsorption isotherms
  • Adsorption from solutions
  • Colloidal state
  • Distinction among true solutions
  • Colloids and suspensions
  • Classification of colloids
  • Lyophilic
  • Lyophobic
  • Multi molecular
  • Macromolecular and associated colloids
  • Preparation and properties of colloids
  • Tyndall effect
  • Brownian movement
  • Electrophoresis
  • Dialysis
  • Coagulation and flocculation
  • Emulsions and their characteristics

Section B: Inorganic Chemistry

Here we can provide the entire syllabus of Inorganic chemistry related to the exam of JEE Mains and the syllabus is very important for the candidates who want to crack this exam. The candidates must check the syllabus before start preparation of Inorganic chemistry and other subjects of related to the subject of the  Inorganic chemistry and the brief details are given below:-

Unit 1: Classification Of Elements And Periodicity In Properties

  • Modem periodic law and present form
  • Periodic table, s, p, d and f block elements
  • Periodic trends in properties of elements atomic
  • Ionic radii
  • Ionization enthalpy
  • Electron gain enthalpy
  • Valence, oxidation states and chemical reactivity

Unit 2: General Principles And Processes Of Isolation Of Metals

  • Modes of occurrence of elements in nature
  • Minerals, ores
  • Steps involved in the extraction of metals
  • Concentration
  • Reduction (chemical and electrolytic methods)
  • Refining with special reference to the extraction of Al, Cu, Zn and Fe
  • Thermodynamic and electrochemical principles involved in the extraction of metals

Unit 3: Hydrogen

  • Position of hydrogen in periodic table
  • Isotopes, preparation
  • Properties and uses of hydrogen
  • Physical properties of water and heavy water
  • Chemical properties of water and heavy water
  • Structure
  • Preparation
  • Reactions
  • Uses of hydrogen peroxide
  • Hydrogen as a fuel

Unit 4: S – Block Elements (Alkali And Alkaline Earth Metals)

  • General introduction
  • Electronic configuration
  • General trends in physical properties of elements
  • General trends in chemical properties of elements
  • Anomalous properties of the first element of each group
  • Diagonal relationships
  • Preparation and properties of some important compounds
  • Sodium carbonate and sodium hydroxide
  • Industrial uses of lime
  • Limestone, Plaster of Paris and cement
  • Biological significance of Na, K, Mg and Ca

Unit 5: P – Block Elements

  • General Introduction
  • Electronic configuration
  • General trends in physical properties of elements across the periods
  • General trends in chemical properties of elements across the periods
  • Down the groups
  • Unique behaviour of the first element in each group

Unit 6: Groupwise study of the p – block elements

  • Preparation
  • Properties and uses of boron and aluminium
  • Properties of boric acid
  • Diborane
  • Boron trifluoride
  • Aluminium chloride and alums
  • Allotropes of carbon
  • Tendency for catenation
  • Structure & properties of silicates
  • Zeolites.
  • Properties and uses of nitrogen and phosphorus
  • Allotropic forms of phosphorus
  • Preparation
  • Properties
  • Structure and uses of ammonia
  • Nitric acid
  • Phosphine and phosphorus halides
  • PCl3, PCl5
  • Structures of oxides and oxyacids of phosphorus
  • Preparation
  • Properties, structures and uses of ozone
  • Allotropic forms of sulphur
  • Preparation, properties, structures and uses of sulphuric acid
  • Structures of oxoacids of sulphur
  • Preparation, properties and uses of hydrochloric acid
  • Trends in the acidic nature of hydrogen halides
  • Structures of Interhalogen compounds and oxides and oxyacids of halogens
  • Occurrence and uses of noble gases
  • Structures of fluorides and oxides of xenon


  • Transition Elements
  • General introduction
  • Electronic configuration
  • Occurrence and characteristics
  • General trends in properties of the first-row transition elements
  • Physical properties
  • Ionization enthalpy
  • Oxidation states
  • Atomic radii
  • Colour
  • Catalytic behaviour
  • Magnetic properties
  • Complex formation
  • Interstitial compounds
  • Alloy formation
  • Preparation
  • Properties and uses of K2 Cr2 O7 and KMnO4
  • Inner Transition Elements
  • Lanthanide
  • Electronic configuration
  • Oxidation states and lanthanide contraction
  • Actinoids
  • Electronic configuration
  • Oxidation states

Unit 17: Coordination Compounds

  • Introduction to coordination compounds
  • Werner’s theory
  • ligands, coordination number
  • Denticity, chelation
  • IUPAC nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds
  • Isomerism
  • Bonding-Valence bond approach and basic ideas of Crystal field theory
  • Colour and magnetic properties
  • Importance of coordination compounds

Unit 18: Environmental Chemistry

  • Environmental pollution
  • Atmospheric
  • Water and soil.
  • Atmospheric pollution
  • Tropospheric and Stratospheric
  • Tropospheric pollution
  • Gaseous pollutants
  • Oxides of carbon
  • Nitrogen and sulphur
  • Hydrocarbons; their sources
  • Harmful effects and prevention
  • Greenhouse effect and Global warming
  • Acid rain
  • Particulate pollutants
  • Smoke
  • Dust
  • Smog
  • Fumes, mist; their sources
  • Harmful effects and prevention
  • Stratospheric pollution
  • Formation and breakdown of ozone
  • Depletion of the ozone layer
  • Mechanism and effects
  • Water Pollution
  • Major pollutants such as pathogens, organic wastes and chemical pollutants
  • Harmful effects and prevention.
  • Soil pollution
  • Major pollutants such as Pesticides
  • Harmful effects and prevention
  • Strategies to control environmental pollution

Section C: Organic Chemistry

Here we can provide the entire syllabus of chemistry related to the exam of JEE Mains and the syllabus is very important for the candidates who want to crack this exam. The candidates must check the syllabus before start preparation of physics and other subjects related to the subject of the physical chemistry and the brief details are given below:-

Unit 1: Purification And Characterisation Of Organic Compounds

  • Purification
  • Crystallization
  • Sublimation
  • Distillation, differential extraction and chromatography
  • Principles and their applications
  • Qualitative analysis
  • Detection of nitrogen
  • Sulphur
  • Phosphorus and halogens.
  • Quantitative analysis
  • Estimation of carbon
  • Hydrogen
  • Nitrogen
  • Halogens
  • Sulphur
  • Phosphorus.
  • Calculations of empirical formula and molecular formulae
  • Numerical problems in organic quantitative analysis

Unit 2: Some Basic Principles Of Organic Chemistry

  • Tetravalency of carbon
  • Shapes of simple molecules
  • Hybridization
  • Classification of organic compounds based on functional groups: – C = C – , – C h C – and those containing halogens
  • Oxygen
  • Nitrogen and sulphur
  • Homologous series
  • Isomerism
  • Structural and stereoisomerism

Unit 3: Nomenclature (Trivial and IUPAC)

  • Covalent bond fission
  • Homolytic and heterolytic
  • Free radicals
  • Carbocations and carbanions
  • Stability of carbocations and free radicals
  • Electrophiles and nucleophiles
  • Electronic displacement in a covalent bond
  • Inductive effect
  • Electromeric effect
  • Resonance and hyperconjugation

Unit 4: Hydrocarbons

  • Classification
  • Isomerism
  • IUPAC nomenclature
  • General methods of preparation
  • Properties and reactions
  • Alkanes
  • Conformations
  • Sawhorse and Newman projections
  • Mechanism of halogenation of alkanes
  • Alkenes
  • Geometrical isomerism
  • Mechanism of electrophilic addition
  • Addition of hydrogen
  • Halogens, water, hydrogen halides 
  • Markownikoff’s and peroxide effect
  • Ozonolysis and polymerization.
  • Alkynes
  • Acidic character
  • Addition of hydrogen
  • Halogens, water and hydrogen halides
  • Polymerization
  • Aromatic hydrocarbons
  • Nomenclature
  • Benzene
  • Structure and aromaticity
  • Mechanism of electrophilic substitution
  • Halogenation, nitration
  • Friedel
  • Crafts alkylation and acylation
  • Directive influence of the functional group in mono-substituted benzene

Unit 5: Organic Compounds Containing Halogens

  • General methods of preparation
  • Properties and reactions
  • Nature of C-X bond
  • Mechanisms of substitution reactions
  • Uses
  • Environmental effects of chloroform & iodoform

Unit 6: Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

  • General methods of preparation
  • Properties of Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen
  • Reactions and uses of Organic Compounds Containing Oxygen

Alcohols, Phenols And Ethers

  • Alcohols
  • Identification of primary
  • Secondary and tertiary alcohols
  • Mechanism of dehydration
  • Phenols
  • Acidic nature
  • Electrophilic substitution reactions
  • Halogenation
  • Nitration and sulphonation
  • Reimer
  • Tiemann reaction
  • Ethers
  • Structure
  • Aldehyde and Ketones
  • Nature of carbonyl group
  • Nucleophilic addition to >C=O group
  • Relative reactivities of aldehydes and ketones
  • Important reactions
  • Nucleophilic addition reactions 
  • Grignard reagent
  • Oxidation
  • Reduction
  • The acidity of r – hydrogen
  • Aldol condensation
  • Cannizzaro reaction
  • Haloform reaction
  • Chemical tests to distinguish between aldehydes and Ketones
  • Carboxylic Acids
  • Acidic strength
  • Factors affecting

Unit 7: Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

  • General methods of preparation
  • Properties of Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Reactions and uses of Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
  • Amines
  • Nomenclature
  • Classification
  • Structure
  • Basic character and identification of primary
  • Secondary and tertiary amines
  • Basic character
  • Diazonium Salts
  • Importance in synthetic organic chemistry

Unit 8: Polymers

  • General introduction and classification of polymers
  • General methods of polymerization
  • Addition and condensation
  • Copolymerization
  • Natural
  • ‘Synthetic rubber
  • Vulcanization
  • Some important polymers with emphasis on their monomers and uses
  • Polythene
  • Nylon
  • Polyester and bakelite

UNIT 9: Biomolecules

  • General introduction and importance of biomolecules.
  • Carbohydrates
  • Classification
  • Aldoses and ketoses
  • Monosaccharides
  • Glucose and fructose
  • Constituent monosaccharides of oligosaccharides
  • Proteins
  • Elementary Idea of r
  • Amino acids
  • Peptide bond
  • Polypeptides
  • Proteins
  • Primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary structure denaturation of proteins, enzymes.
  • Vitamins
  • Classification and functions.
  • Nucleic Acids
  • The chemical constitution of DNA and RNA
  • Biological functions of nucleic acids

UNIT 10: Chemistry in Everyday Life

  • Chemicals in medicines
  • Analgesics
  • Tranquillizers
  • Antiseptics
  • Disinfectants
  • Antimicrobials
  • Antifertility drugs
  • Antibiotics
  • Antacids
  • Antihistamine
  • Meaning and common examples of Antihistamine
  • Chemicals in food
  • Preservatives
  • Artificial sweetening agents
  • Common examples
  • Cleansing agents
  • Soaps and detergents
  • Cleansing action

UNIT 11: Principles Related to Practical Chemistry

  • Detection of extra elements in organic compounds
  • Detection of the following functional groups
  • Hydroxyl that is alcoholic and phenolic
  • Carbonyl that is aldehyde and ketone
  • Carboxyl and amino groups in organic compounds
  • The chemistry involved in the preparation
  • Inorganic compounds
  • Mohr’s salt
  • Potash alum
  • Organic compounds
  • Acetanilide
  • P nitro acetanilide
  • Aniline yellow
  • Iodoform
  • The chemistry involved in the titrimetric exercises
  • Acids Bases and the use of indicators
  • Oxalic-acid vs KMnO4
  • Mohr’s salt vs KMnO4
  • Chemical principles involved in the qualitative salt analysis
  • Cations – Pb2+ , Cu2+, AI3+, Fe3+, Zn2+, Ni2+, Ca2+, Ba2+, Mg2+, NH4+
  • Anions- CO3 2-, S2-, SO4 2-, NO2-, NO3-, CI -, Br, I

UNIT 12: Chemical principles involved in the following experiments

  • Enthalpy of solution of CuSO4
  • Enthalpy of neutralization of strong acid and strong base
  • Preparation of lyophilic and lyophobic sols
  • Kinetic study of the reaction of iodide ion with hydrogen peroxide at room temperature

JEE Main Topic Wise Weightage for Chemistry

The previous years of JEE Main weightage along with the important topics which are asked in the exam and the details are given below:-

TopicsNo of QuestionsMarks
Transition Elements and Coordination Chemistry312
Periodic table and Representative Elements312
Thermodynamics And Gaseous State28
Atomic Structure28
Chemical Bonding28
Chemical And Ionic Equilibrium28
Solid-State And Surface Chemistry28
Nuclear Chemistry And Environment28
Mole Concept14
Redox Reaction14
Chemical Kinetics14
Solution and Colligative Properties14
General Organic Chemistry14
Alkyl Halides14
Carboxylic Acid and their Derivatives14
Carbohydrates, amino acid and Polymers14
Aromatic Compounds14


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